The last day of term is Thursday 1st April 2021. 1pm pick up please. Have a lovely Easter and see you on Monday 19 April 2021.

Foundation Subjects

What are the Foundation Subjects?

The National Curriculum states that foundation subjects are: 

Art and Design, Personal, Social and Health Education including Citizenship, Computing and IT, Design and Technology, Modern Foreign Languages, Geography, History, Music and P.E. 

They differ to the core subjects of: English, Maths, Science and R.E which are explored in further detail. 

Even though foundation subjects are not explored as thoroughly as the core subjects, they are still important because they introduce students to a wide variety of skills and knowledge.

Art and Design

This foundation subject is a great way to encourage creativity in the classroom. The children at Cusgarne School will experiment and learn how to draw, paint, sculpt and explore other art and design techniques. 


At Cusgarne we know that an essential skill the children need to learn and be confident in, is I.T. (Information Technology).  We teach concepts such as: algorithm, simple programming, reasoning, sequence and selection in a way that engages our pupils to prepare them to participate in a rapidly changing world.

Design and Technology

The children are given the opportunity to engage in practical problems and develop their skills, knowledge and confidence in designing and creating functional products relating to real world challenges. 

Modern Foreign Languages

At Cusgarne we have chosen French as the second language we teach. The children are introduced to this language through songs and games and then begin to develop speaking, listening, reading and writing skills.


Geography is an important foundation subject as it sparks interest and fascination for children about the world around them. The children learn about the world through: comparing locations, investigating, writing and talking about places; including being responsible citizens when thinking about local, national and global challenges to our world.


We aim to engage the children in History lessons by teaching them about important and iconic historical events and periods. The children develop knowledge of where the people and events they study fit within a chronological framework. 

Personal, Social and Health Education including Citizenship

This subject promotes the children’s personal social and emotional development, as well as their health and well-being. It supports them with the knowledge, skills and understanding to play an effective role in society at local, national and global levels. It gives them an understanding of the rights and responsibilities that are part of being a good citizen, which enables them to play an active and healthy part in the life of our school, their community and the wider world.


Music is a great foundation subject for allowing the children to express themselves using their voices. They experiment by combining sounds using instruments and inter-related dimensions of music. The children are encouraged to sing every day at Cusgarne.

Physical Education

During their time at Cusgarne the children master their balance, agility and coordination by participating in team games and sports, such as: football, cricket and basketball. Swimming and water safety are taught in KS2 so children can confidently swim a distance of at least 25 metres. 

For more detailed information about our PE curriculum, please visit our PE page.