Phonics at Cusgarne

Phonics is the way in which children are taught to read, by using individual letters and their corresponding letter sounds to read and write.  We use ‘Letters and Sounds’ as the basis for teaching phonics and believe that the teaching of phonics goes beyond the ability to read and includes the skills needed to read, write and spell, ensuring a fluency approach to our teaching of English.

At Cusgarne, the teaching of phonics is a key part of our curriculum and the children receive a phonics session every day.

Each phonics session is targeted at the children’s specific level or phonics phase and each session follows the same agenda:

  •          Learning new sounds
  •          Recapping already learned sounds
  •          Reading words by sounding out and blending out loud
  •          Reading words by sounding out and blending in our heads
  •          Reading weekly spellings
  •          Writing common exception words

In addition, KS2 children are taught:

  •          Comprehension
  •          Suffixes and prefixes
  •          Alternative spelling patterns
  •          Dictation


The children work at pace and are encouraged to apply their knowledge across the curriculum with any reading or writing activity.

Children in the EYFS and Year 1 learn sounds from the 5 phonic phases alongside pseudo words (nonsense words) which are read within the Year 1 Phonics Screening Check which takes place in the Summer term.

 The document below gives details about the phonic phases.



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